Qt Quick Ultralite 的国际化和本地化

Based on Qt Quick

The functionality in Qt Quick Ultralite is based on Internationalization and Localization in Qt Quick and Qt Linguist . This document describes the differences, enhancements, and limitations compared to Qt Quick.

Translation

使用 qsTr() function in QML files to mark string literals for translation. All such marked string literals are found by the Qt Linguist tool, which generates the translation source file ( .ts ) containing those strings.

Once translations are made, there will a .ts file for each language. These files are compiled to translation release files ( .qm ) and passed to the QML compiler, which will replace each qsTr() call with a lookup of the correct string based on the Qt.uiLanguage 特性。

Qt.uiLanguage property can also be used in other bindings to make decisions based on the active language. Frequently this is used for choosing localized images.

examples/translation example shows use of qsTr() Qt.uiLanguage 特性。

构建采用 CMake

List the translation source files for the target languages in the qul_target_embed_translations() CMake function. This has two effects:

  • It creates a update_translations CMake target which is not included in the default build. Trigger a build of this target to create or update the .ts files with new and changed translatable strings from the source code.
  • It sets up the build system to embed the translations from the .ts files in the program binary.

.ts file introduces a translated language that can be switched to at runtime by setting the Qt.uiLanguage property. The name of the language is derived from the name of the .ts file. For example, the "app.nb_NO.ts" file defines the translations for nb_NO , which is the ISO language code for Norwegian Bokmål.

Qt.uiLanguage is empty, no translation is applied and the strings used in the source code are shown.

If an application does not support multiple languages, use the OMIT_SOURCE_LANGUAGE option in the qul_target_embed_translations() CMake function and pass the .ts file for the target language.

局限性

The following functionality is not currently supported:

  • Translation of strings in C++ files
  • Translation functions other than qsTr() such as qsTrId() , qsTranslate() , QT_TR_NOOP() , QT_TRANSLATE_NOOP() and QT_TRID_NOOP()
  • The plural disambiguation argument in qsTr()